A large number of telecom companies are choosing to shut down their 2G and 3G networks by the end of 2025.

In recent years, more and more network operators around the world have chosen to say no to 2G and/or 3G networks in order to increase the coverage of 4G and 5G networks.

This means that with the shutdown of these networks, many consumers will be affected, and older generation devices that use 2G and/or 3G technology will no longer be able to function by connecting to the network.

Shutdown of 2G and 3G networks

In the case of transport, the problem is even stronger, as many transporters use GPS equipment over a 2G signal, because they are much more advantageously priced, and until recently seemed to be the best option for small companies.

In the following, we will present you the most important information regarding the closure of 2G and 3G networks and how you can adapt accordingly to the situation that will expand in the next period.

Network operators want 2G and 3G networks shut down

Due to the increase in the quality of 4G and 5G networks, shutting down 2G and 3G networks is an option increasingly chosen by telecommunications providers.

The closure of 2G and 3G networks would mean an expansion of 4G and 5G services, being of a much higher quality.

This shutdown of services is happening gradually, however, worldwide.

It is important to note that 2G and 3G network shutdowns vary from network provider to network provider.

Not all telcos choose to shut down both networks, some opting to shut down only 2G, others to shut down the 3G network, and some to shut down both networks simultaneously or several years apart.

Depending on this aspect, users of certain telecommunications companies will be affected to a lesser or greater extent.

Why 2G and 3G networks are shutting down

Basically, telecommunications companies want to expand the area of 4G and 5G networks.

To do this, they have to choose to stop providing either 2G or 3G networks. In this way, they can expand the 4G and 5G frequency spectrums and increase the quality of services, as 2G and 3G are technologically outdated.

Moreover, the number of users of 2G and 3G networks is decreasing all over the world, as new phones and devices have access to 4G and 5G, which provide a significantly higher quality of transmitted data.

Here, however, problems arise for devices on the market that use the 2G or 3G network and that can remain practically outside of any coverage range.

Shutdown of 2G and 3G networks in Europe

A large proportion of European telecommunications companies will shut down 2G and 3G networks by the end of 2025. Some telecommunications companies in countries such as Switzerland, the Netherlands and Liechtenstein have already shut down their 2G network.

By the end of 2023, the countries that intend to close the 3G network are Denmark, Slovakia, Greece, Hungary and Sweden.

You can find the approximate network closure plan here:

CountryOperatornetwork shutdown 2Gnetwork shutdown 3G
AustriaT-Mobile Austria GmbH12/31/2025
BelgiumORANGE Belgium nv/SA12/31/203012/31/2025
BelgiumProximus PLC12/31/2024
BelgiumTelenet Group BVBA/SPRL9/30/2024
BulgariaA1 Bulgaria EAD12/31/2025
CyprusCyprus Telecommunications Authority12/31/2025
Czech RepublicO211/30/2021
Czech RepublicT-Mobile12/31/202511/30/2021
Czech RepublicVodafone12/31/20253/31/2021
DenmarkHI3G Denmark ApS1/1/201512/31/2025
DenmarkNuuday A/S12/31/2022
DenmarkTelenor A/S12/31/20253/31/2023
DenmarkTelia Nattjanster Norden AB12/31/202512/31/2025
EstoniaTele2 Eesti Aktsiaselts12/31/2025
EstoniaTelia Eesti AS12/31/202511/30/2023
FranceBouygues Télécom12/31/202612/31/2029
FranceFree Mobile1/1/2015
FranceSociété Française du Radiotéléphone S.A.12/31/202612/31/2028
GermanyTelefonica O211/30/2021
HungaryMagyar Telekom Nyrt.6/30/2022
HungaryVodafone Hungary Ltd.12/31/202511/30/2022
HungaryYettel Hungary Ltd12/31/2023
IcelandIMC Ísland ehf.12/31/20251/1/2015
IcelandNova ehf.1/1/201512/31/2025
IcelandSíminn h.f.12/31/202412/31/2025
IcelandSýn hf.12/31/202512/31/2025
IrelandThree Ireland (Hutchison) Limited1/4/2023
IrelandVodafone Ireland Limited12/31/2025
ItalyFastweb S.p.A.1/1/2015
ItalyILIAD Italia S.p.A.1/1/2015
ItalyTelecom Italia SpA12/31/2029
ItalyVodafone Italia S.p.A2/28/2021
LatviaLatvijas Mobilais Telefons12/31/2025
LiechtensteinSwisscom (Switzerland) Ltd (Liechtenstein)1/1/202112/31/2025
LithuaniaTelia Lietuva AB12/31/202512/31/2022
LithuaniaUAB Bitė Lietuva12/31/202812/31/2025
LuxembourgOrange Communications Luxembourg S.A.12/31/2030
LuxembourgPOST Luxembourg10/3/2022
MacedoniaMakedonski Telekom AD12/31/2022
MaltaMelita Ltd.1/1/20151/2/2015
NetherlandsKPN B.V.4/1/2022
NetherlandsT-Mobile Netherlands B.V.6/1/2023
NetherlandsVodafone Libertel B.V.12/31/20252/4/2020
NorwayICE Communication Norge AS1/1/20151/1/2015
NorwayTelenor Norge AS12/31/202512/31/2021
NorwayTelia Norge AS12/31/202511/9/2021
PolandOrange Polska S.A.12/31/203012/31/2025
PolandT-Mobile Polska S.A.4/30/2023
PortugalVodafone Portugal – Comunicações Pessoais, S.A.12/31/202512/31/2023
RomaniaS.C. Orange România S.A.12/31/203012/31/2025
RomaniaS.C. RCS & RDS S.A.1/1/2015
RomaniaTelekom Romania Mobile Communications S.A.7/1/2022
RomaniaS.C. Vodafone Romania S.A.12/31/2025
SlovakiaOrange Slovensko, a.s.12/31/203012/31/2023
SlovakiaSlovak Telekom, a.s.12/31/2023
SlovakiaSWAN Mobile, a.s.1/1/2015
SloveniaA1 Slovenija, d.d.12/31/20306/30/2023
SloveniaT-2 d.o.o.1/1/2015
SloveniaTelekom Slovenije d.d.9/30/2022
SpainOrange Espagne, S.A., sociedad unipersonal12/31/203012/31/2025
SpainTelefónica Móviles España S.A.12/31/2025
SpainVodafone España, S.A.U.12/31/202512/31/2025
SwedenHi3G Access AB1/1/2015
SwedenTele2 AB12/31/202512/1/2025
SwedenTelenor Sverige AB12/31/2025
SwedenTelia Company AB12/31/202512/31/2023
SwitzerlandSalt Mobile SA12/31/2020
SwitzerlandSunrise UPC GmbH1/3/2023
SwitzerlandSwisscom (Switzerland) Ltd4/30/202112/31/2025
UkrainTriMob LLC1/1/2015
Great BritainEE Limited12/31/202512/31/2024
Great BritainHutchison 3G UK Limited1/1/201512/31/2024
Great BritainTelet Research (N.I.) Limited1/1/20151/1/2015
Great BritainVodafone Ltd12/31/202512/31/2023
source: www.onomondo.com

How does it affect carriers?

The shutdown of 2G and 3G networks will significantly affect the field of transport.

Car fleets that are equipped with 2G or 3G equipment will need radical changes to be able to use GPS tracking effectively.

Why exactly? Carriers will start seeing location update issues in countries that shut down 2G or 3G networks.

Basically, GPS equipment will no longer transmit any information when it enters a territory not covered by operating networks.

In this sense, real-time access to:

  • The exact location of the vehicle;
  • Vehicle condition;
  • Tachograph recordings, which can only be downloaded when the vehicle is in a country with a 2G/3G network;
  • Notifications and alerts received via GPS equipment will experience significant delays;
  • Location sharing with other partners will be affected;

What can you do next after the 2G and 3G networks are closed?

In the following period, it is important to check the network compatibility of the GPS equipment mounted on your cars, if it only works with 2G, 3G, and/or 4G networks.

Thus, you can start to consider replacing them with other GPS equipment that is compatible with the 4G network, to ensure that in the coming years you will get rid of any worries regarding access to the data of your cars, regardless of their location.

In this way, you will get rid of the stress caused by the changes and you will be able to have a much better control over the vehicles in your fleet.

Shutdown of 2G and 3G networks

Advice from the field

In the field of telematics, GPS equipment through the 2G network was used a lot, because they had an efficiency suitable for the needs of the respective period.

However, the digitization that inevitably influences the field of transport also requires the development of technology, for a much faster and more optimal operation.

In this sense, through GPS equipment operating in the 4G network, data transfer will be much faster, downloading data, sending routes and documents will be done in a much shorter time.

Moreover, with the increase in market demand for GPS equipment through the 4G network, their prices will increase.

Thus, it is only to your advantage to take action early, to avoid purchasing the same services, at much higher prices.

What can you do to get out of trouble?

It is recommended to start by ensuring the network compatibility of your equipment.

You can talk to the company from which you purchased the GPS equipment or you can contact the company to receive the support you need in this process.

The CargoTrack team is at your disposal to help you check the compatibility of GPS equipment and how to start the steps to change it.

Talk now to a CargoTrack consultant and check your GPS equipment!

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